The Wayanad wild life sanctuary is an integral part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, established with the specific objective of conserving the biological heritage of the region. The sanctuary emphasis on scientific conservation; with due consideration for the general life styles of tribals and others who live in and around the forest. The vegetation is predominantly moist deciduous forest with small stretches of swamps, teak forests; bamboo and tall grass.Rare herbs and medicinal plants are found in Muthanga.
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With numerous watering holes Muthanga has been declared a Project Elephant site. Jungle Cats, Panthers, Civet Cat, Monkeys, Wild dogs, Deer, Spotted Bears, Bisons, Gaurs, Cheetah, Peacock, Owls, Jungle fowls, Woodpeckers, etc. can be seen here. The reserve is home to a small population of Tigers. Elephant rides are arranged here by the forest department. Tourists can prefer jeep drives through the forest path with a local guide sanctioned by the forest department.